A job is a hobby or a profession that requires some particular kind of skilled labor. In a historical sense , particularly as pertinent to the Middle Ages and before , the term people engaged in small-scale production of goods, or maintenance, for example, is generally applied Boilermakers . Traditional craftsman and artisan terms today are often replaced by craftsmen and rarely by the craftsman (craftsmen ) .
From prehistory has made a big production of all kinds of objects that celebrates the great history of the craft in the Iberian country . Throughout the centuries the Spanish crafts were often influenced by the culture of the peoples who settled in laPenínsula Ibérica, but this changed during the consolidation of the ancient Christian kingdoms , where artisans were fully organized through various government institutions with the power to legislate on all competencies related crafts.
At that time, the law contemplated that the great nobles acudieran regularly to pay homage to the king at the palace , thus contributing to the creation of a luxurious and high-class craftsmanship that culminated with the establishment of the Royal Factories and other manufacturing sets to meet high demand for various goods among which the strongly rooted in the leather sector , par excellence located outside of cities because residues for activity provacados were too bothersome to surrounding communities also need installed near slaughterhouses for obtain the genre.
The development from past to present
Historically , craftsmen tended to concentrate in urban centers and formed guilds . The skill required by its professionals and the need to engage permanently in the exchange of goods also demanded a higher general level of education , and the craftsmen were usually in a position of privilege in the peasantry the social hierarchy. The homes of the artisans were not as self-sufficient as of those engaged in agricultural work and therefore had to rely on the exchange of goods .
Once an apprentice of a craft had finished his apprenticeship , he would become a journeyman searching for a place to set up his own shop and make a living . After he set up his own shop, which could then call himself a master of his craft.
This system of a stepwise approach to mastery of a craft , which includes obtaining a certain amount of education and the learning of skills , has survived in some countries of the world to this day. But the craft has undergone deep structural changes during and since the time of the Industrial Revolution. Mass production of goods by large-scale industry is limited to handicrafts market segments in which the modes of operation or industry goods manufactured in series unwilling or unable to meet the preferences of potential buyers. Moreover, as a result of these changes , the artisans of today's increasingly make use of components or semi -finished materials and adapt them to the needs and demands of its customers and , if necessary , to the environments of their customers. Therefore, participating in a certain division of labor between industry and craft.
Craft is the traditional " main " area of the craft, is a type of work where useful and decorative devices are made completely by hand or using only simple tools. Usually, the term refers to the traditional means of making goods. The individual craftsmanship of the items is a paramount criterion , such items often have cultural and / or religious significance. Items made by mass production or machines are not handicraft goods . Handicraft goods are made with artisanal production processes.
The term crafts is often used to describe the family of artistic practices within the family decorative arts that traditionally are defined by their relationship to functional or utilitarian products (such as sculptural forms in the vessel tradition) or by the use of such natural media as wood , clay , ceramics, glass , textiles, and metal.
Crafts practiced by independent artists working alone or in small groups are often referred to as studio work . Crafts Studio includes pottery , metal work , weaving , turning wood, paper and other forms of woodworking , the blown glass and art glass .